have two major celebrations in the year. Both are called Eid (meaning
celebration). Eid Al-Fitr, or the Celebration of Breaking the Fast,
marks the end of Ramadan. Ramadan is the month of fasting.
Eid Al-Fitr is the celebration that comes at the end of Ramadan. Ramadan is a
month of fasting, every day from dawn until sunset. The Islamic Calendar follows
the moon and so each year, the dates are shifted forwards by about eleven days
in the normal calendar. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim year, and is
followed by Shawal. The first three days of Shawal are the Eid days.
When it is
This year, (2002) the first day of Eid will fall on December
6 in most countries.
The reason it differs from country to country is the calendar. It is a little
bit complicated, but each month has either 29 or 30 days. On the 29th night of
the month, people look for the new moon. If it is spotted, then he month has 29
days, and the next day is the start of a new month. If it is not spotted the
month continues on for a 30th day, and then the new month starts. These days,
astronomers can predict the months and phases of the moon very accurately, but
it is still traditional for the moon to be spotted by someone. So, if the sky is
overcast over an entire country, even if the moon is there, it cant be seen
and the month continues for one more day.
What it is
Eid Al-Fitr is all about celebrating the good things that we have received,
Gods (Allahs) bounty and our family and friends. Every household who can
afford it must pay a form of tax in the days leading up to Eid. It is a very
small amount, and is paid for each person in the family. Traditionally the tax
was in the form of food, although most people now give the equivalent in money.
The money or food is given to poor people, so that they can celebrate Eid, too.
The tax is not collected by anyone, and no one is forced to pay it, but it is
required as a religious act, and almost everyone pays.
Many people decorate their houses for Eid. This is rather an odd thing, since
no-one is sure when Eid is, until the last minute, and so decorations are put up
very late on the last day of the month.
Everyone has new clothes for Eid. The last few nights of Ramadan it is almost
impossible to get into the shops, as everyone is buying their clothes. A
complete outfit is normal, right down to the shoes, and even the headscarves for
On the morning of Eid, everyone gets up very early to go to the prayers.
These are special prayers, held only at Eid. They are held only in very big
mosques, or in large open areas, such as football stadiums. They are held about
80 minutes after sunrise, so in the summer months it is very early.
After the prayers everyone goes home to eat breakfast and then the
celebrations really begin. It isnt common for children to receive gifts.
Instead they receive money. The money should be in the form of a brand new bank
note or coins. The amount given is small, usually in the region of about $3, but
still they get plenty. Everyone who visits the children, or everyone whom they
visit, gives then the gift of money. In a large extended family, with lots of
friends, the children can end up with a small fortune!
Sometime around midmorning people start to go out visiting. They visit
neighbors and friends in the morning. At each visit special cakes are eaten, and
the children receive their money. The visits are very short as there are plenty
to make. Dinner is spent with family. The traditional meal varies from country
to country, the only standard thing being the special cakes. Each day of the
holiday is spent with a different branch of the family, so that everyone gets
visited. In the evening the visits start up again. This goes on for three days,
but money is normally only given to the children on the first two days.
In between visiting, people make trips out into the streets. Many streets
have a sort of fair going, with music, dancing, fireworks, kids' games and much
more. Here the children get to spend their money. They buy candy, soft drinks,
toys and rides. Everyone has great fun, and the children are always disappointed
when it is over. The adults, on the other hand, are usually worn out and glad of